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This article is considered accurate for the current version (2.3) of the game.

Faster-than-light travel, often abbreviated to FTL, is the method by which ships traverse the vast emptiness of space between star systems. Advancements in technology can grant improvements to the speed at which ships jump to FTL and even unlock experimental FTL drives.


A hyperlane network predates all other known construction in the galaxy and connects the star systems together to allow interstellar travel, although some systems may be more isolated than others. Ships move at sublight speed until they reach a hyperlane entry point (shown as an arrow on the system map). The Hyperlane Density setting determines the number of hyperlanes individual systems can have. A double value creates a very unrestricted game where interdiction is next to impossible. Conversely, a half value connects the galaxy linearly, with most systems having only two hyperlanes, allowing for a highly defensive game.

FTL drive Alloys.png Cost Power Power Time Jump charge time Fleet action button jump.png Tactical Jump Required Technology
Ship part hyper drive 1.png Hyper Drive I 5 10 No.png Tech hyper drive 1.png Hyperspace Travel
Ship part hyper drive 2.png Hyper Drive II 10 15 -25% No.png Tech hyper drive 2.png Hyperlane Breach Points
Ship part hyper drive 3.png Hyper Drive III 15 20 -50% No.png Tech hyper drive 3.png Hyperspace Slipstreams
Ship part jump drive 1.png Jump Drive 20 30 -70% Yes.png Tech jump drive 1.png Jump Drive
Ship part psi jump drive 1.png Psi Jump Drive 20 30 -80% Yes.png
+50% range
Tech psi jump drive 1.png Psi Jump Drives

Systems that are restricted because of closed borders are shown in red on the galaxy map. Home systems of Space Creatures that haven't been investigated with the initial special project are also restricted.

FTL Inhibitors[edit]

FTL magnet.png FTL Inhibitors are devices present inside Fortress buildings and at least Starport level starbases once the Tech aura snare.png FTL Inhibition technology is researched. Hostile fleets can only leave a system with an FTL inhibitor through the same hyperlane they entered from.

Experimental Subspace Navigation[edit]

The Tech experimental subspace navigation.png Speculative Hyperlane Breaching technology enables science ships led by a scientist Leader to travel directly to a destination, ignoring the hyperlane network. During the transit the ship is considered MIA. Experimental Subspace Navigation can be used to bypass impassable areas such as a guarded system, a closed empire's borders or the galactic core.

Experimental Subspace Navigation cannot be used to travel to the L-Cluster. It can be used to leave however


Humanoid Empire using a wormhole

There are two types of Bypasses in Stellaris: wormholes and gateways. Both offer instantaneous travel but require research in order to be usable. The number of Bypasses can be adjusted at settings before the start of a game session. Ships will automatically use Bypasses if the route is shorter, shown on the starmap by a blue travel line.


Wormholes are natural formations that come in pairs and link two random systems across the galaxy. Initially, wormholes are too unstable to allow passage through them, but the Tech wormhole stabilization.png Wormhole Stabilization technology allows science ships to stabilize wormholes, opening them permanently for a given empire. Clicking on a wormhole will shift the camera to the connecting system. A wormhole cannot be used if the other end lies within an empire with closed borders except if war is declared.

If Earth is destroyed with a World Cracker there is a 50% chance of creating a wormhole in the system leading to another newly created wormhole. There is also a rare anomaly event that creates one

One of the wormholes will always lead to the Sealed System, a trinary system with no hyperlane connection containing a Gaia planet that is guarded by a Corrupted Psionic Avatar. This wormhole will be present in the galaxy even if wormholes have been disabled.


Real scale of a Gateway

While exploring the galaxy, empires can find abandoned gateways that were once part of a massive, galaxy-spanning network. Reverse-engineered from encountered abandoned gateways, these megastructures require the Tech gateway activation.png Gateway Activation technology and can be used to travel directly to any other active gateway in the galaxy. Reactivation of gateway takes 2 years and costs 6000 Energy Credits.png energy and 2500 Alloys.png alloys. The Tech gateway activation.png Gateway Activation technology can appear as a research option as soon as a Gateway has been discovered and Tech hyper drive 3.png Hyperspace Slipstreams technology has been researched but the chance is very low. Owning a system with an inactive Gateway increases the chance for the tech to appear by 4 times.

When the first gateway in the galaxy is reactivated, another random gateway will also be re-activated along with it. As opposed to wormholes, both gateways must be owned by the same empire or two empires with open borders in order to be able to travel through them. Systems with gateways count as bordering for the purposes of diplomacy, so every opened gate increases diplomatic tension between all active gate-owners. Claims cannot be extended through gateways. Additionally, gateways are able to greatly enhance and simplify trade infrastructure.

Eventually, empires can build their own gateways by researching the Tech gateway construction.png Gateway Construction technology. Notice, that this tech requires having some civilization with an access to pre-existing gateways, so if gateways were disabled during galaxy creation it is impossible to build any new. Each system can have only one gateway, but black hole systems with an L-Gate can also have a regular gateway constructed. Gateways can be built in systems in which there is already a megastructure. The construction site is built in only 3 years and costs 100 Influence.png influence and 2500 Alloys.png alloys. Upgrading it to a gateway takes 5 years and costs 6000 Energy Credits.png energy and 2500 Alloys.png alloys.

Jump Drive[edit]

An experimental FTL technology that has the potential risk to create a crisis, Jump Drives are an advanced form of FTL that allows ships to move very quickly along hyperlanes and unlock the Jump special fleet order, allowing them to make a point-to-point jump to systems within jump range, ignoring hyperlane limitations. After the fleet makes the jump, Jump Drive will need to recharge, with both adding a Time 200-day cooldown before it can be used again, and applying a debuff to the fleet that reduces its Mod ship weapon damage.png Damage and Mod ship speed mult.png Sublight Speed by -50% while the cooldown is in effect.

A more advanced version of the Jump Drive called Psi Jump Drive is also available and offers a longer range for making jumps. It is obtained by researching the Tech psi jump drive 1.png Psi Jump Drives technology and is not available to Gestalt consciousness.png Gestalt Consciousness empires.

Owning both forms of Jump Drive drastically increases the chances of the Extradimensional Invaders crisis triggering.

Game concepts